ISOPRPOLYNE ALCHOHOL (IPA)
Systematic Name: Propan-2-ol; Molecular Formula: C3H8O; Molecular Mass: 60.10 g/mol; Density: 0.786 g/cm³; Boiling point: 82.6 °C; Colorless clear liquid with strong alcoholic odor
and Soluble in water, miscible with benzene, chloroform, ethanol, ether, glycerin; soluble in acetone. Highly flammable.
Isopropyl alcohol, also referred to as isopropanol, is an isomer of propyl alcohol with antibacterial properties. In industry it is used as an inexpensive solvent for cosmetics, drugs, shellacs, and gums, as well as for denaturing ethanol (ethyl alcohol). Added to wet gas,
it helps to prevent separation and freezing of a water layer. Isopropyl alcohol is easily oxidized to acetone, another important solvent.
- Used as solvent is chemical, petrochemical and pharmaceutical industry
- In manufacture of isopropyl acetate another useful solvent mainly for paints and lacquers.
- As a cleaning fluid in mechanical and electronic industry
- In hospitals as disinfectant.
- In formulations of hand sanitizer, hence referred as rubbing alcohol.
- As fuel additives in automotive industry.
- As laboratory solvent and reagent